3D printing is the fabrication of a three-dimensional object under computer control, with one or more materials being added layer by layer. 3D printing, or additive manufacturing, is used across various electronics applications, including circuit boards, energy storage devices, actuators, and sensors. It can be implemented using a variety of technologies, including selective laser sintering (SLS), stereolithography (SLA), fused filament fabrication (FFF), direct ink writing (DIW), and inkjet printing.
4D printing (also called 4D bioprinting, active origami, or shape-morphing systems) uses the same techniques like 3D printing, but 4D printing adds the dimension of time and produces an object that can change its shape or other parameters over time. 4D printing produces a programmable material that responds to environmental inputs such as humidity, light, or temperature and transforms into another structure. This FAQ will consider the application of 3D and 4D printing in circuit boards, energy storage, sensors, actuators, sensors, and solar panels. The next FAQ will review specific applications of 3D printing in 5G systems.
For more information visit https://www.eeworldonline.com/what-are-the-applications-of-3d-and-4d-printed-electronics-faq/BACK